- Plaintiff – The party filing the lawsuit
- Defendant – The part being sued.
- DOES – Unnamed defendants. When the Plaintiff is not sure of thee defendants names, status of their legal existence or doesn’t know if they are named or may be named
- Cross Complainant – Defendant may sue Plaintiff and Defendant will be cross complainant and Plaintiff will be cross defendant. Within the same lawsuit and between a minimum of one defendant and plaintiff
- Cross Defendant – Typically Plaintiff
Venue & Jurisdiction
- Venue – Location where lawsuit should be filed such as Los Angeles county.
- Personal – Whether the Court has authority to act over you based upon where you live. If you live in NY can a CA Court force you into a CA Court to decide your case
- Subject matter – Whether the subject of your lawsuit can be decided by that Court. A Probate Court decides will contests not the Civil Court.
American Courts require due process and notice that a lawsuit is filed against you. There are a few methods for the Courts to have authority to decide your case. You must be served with the Lawsuit-typically a Complaint, Summons and various State forms
Methods of Serving You
- Substituted Service